The Egyptians and Syrians advanced during the first 24—48 hours, after which momentum began to swing in Israel's favor. By the second week of the war, the Syrians had been pushed entirely out of the Golan Heights. In the Sinai to the south, the Israelis had struck at the "hinge" between two invading Egyptian armies, crossed the Suez Canal where the old ceasefire line had beenand cut off an entire Egyptian army just as a United Nations ceasefire came into effect.
The Zionist militias gained the upper hand over the Palestinians through skill and pluck, aided considerably by intra-Arab rivalries. The next day, Arab forces from EgyptTransjordan JordanIraqSyriaand Lebanon occupied the areas in southern and eastern Palestine not apportioned to the Jews by the UN partition of Palestine and then captured east Jerusalemincluding the small Jewish quarter of the Old City.
By early the Israelis had managed to occupy all of the Negev up to the former Egypt-Palestine frontier, except for the Gaza Strip.
UN partition plan for Palestine adopted in JerusalemNewsreel footage of unrest between Arabs and Jews in Jerusalem following passage of the United Nations resolution on the partition of Palestine, Stock footage courtesy The WPA Film Library Between February and Julyas a result of separate armistice agreements between Israel and each of the Arab states, a temporary frontier was The arab israeli conflict between Israel and its neighbours.
In Israel, the war is remembered as its War of Independence. Nasser took a hostile stance toward Israel. In Nasser nationalized the Suez Canala vital waterway connecting Europe and Asia that was largely owned by French and British concerns.
France and Britain responded by striking a deal with Israel—whose ships were barred from using the canal and whose southern port of Elat had been blockaded by Egypt—wherein Israel would invade Egypt; France and Britain would then intervene, ostensibly as peacemakers, and take control of the canal.
The Israelis were then in a position to open sea communications through the Gulf of Aqaba.
Though Egyptian forces had been defeated on all fronts, the Suez Crisisas it is sometimes known, was seen by Arabs as an Egyptian victory. Egypt dropped the blockade of Elat. A UN buffer force was placed in the Sinai Peninsula. In early Syria intensified its bombardment of Israeli villages from positions in the Golan Heights.
In May Egypt signed a mutual defense pact with Jordan. The Israeli victory on the ground was also overwhelming. Importantly, the Israelis were left in sole control of Jerusalem.
The Arab armies showed greater aggressiveness and fighting ability than in the previous wars, and the Israeli forces suffered heavy casualties. The Israeli army, however, reversed early losses and pushed its way into Syrian territory and encircled the Egyptian Third Army by crossing the Suez Canal and establishing forces on its west bank.
Israel and Egypt signed a cease-fire agreement in November and peace agreements on January 18, The accords provided for Israeli withdrawal into the Sinai west of the Mitla and Gidi passes, while Egypt was to reduce the size of its forces on the east bank of the canal.
A UN peacekeeping force was established between the two armies. This agreement was supplemented by another, signed on September 4, On May 31,Israel and Syria signed a cease-fire agreement that also covered separation of their forces by a UN buffer zone and exchange of prisoners of war.
The two countries subsequently established normal diplomatic relations.
The following day Israel invaded Lebanon, and by June 14 its land forces reached as far as the outskirts of Beirut, which was encircled, but the Israeli government agreed to halt its advance and begin negotiations with the PLO. After much delay and massive Israeli shelling of west Beirut, the PLO evacuated the city under the supervision of a multinational force.
Eventually, Israeli troops withdrew from west Beirut, and the Israeli army had withdrawn entirely from Lebanon by June Second Lebanon War In July Hezbollah launched an operation against Israel in an attempt to pressure the country into releasing Lebanese prisoners, killing a number of Israeli soldiers in the process and capturing two.
Israel launched an offensive into southern Lebanon to recover the captured soldiers. The war lasted 34 days but left more than one thousand Lebanese dead and about one million others displaced. Several Arab leaders criticized Hezbollah for inciting the conflict.The Arab-Israeli War of The United Nations resolution sparked conflict between Jewish and Arab groups within Palestine.
Fighting began with attacks by irregular bands of Palestinian Arabs attached to local units of the Arab Liberation Army composed of volunteers from Palestine and . Arab-Israeli conflict. A conflict between the Israelis and the Arabs in the Middle East. The United Nations established Israel, a nation under control of Jews (see also Jews), in Palestine in the late s, in territory inhabited by Palestinian Arabs.
A brief history of the key events and people that shaped the Arab-Israeli conflict. The conflict between Palestinian Arabs and Zionist (now Israeli) Jews is a modern phenomenon, dating to the end of the nineteenth century.
Although the two groups have different religions (Palestinians include Muslims, Christians and Druze), religious differences are not the cause of the strife. The Arab-Israeli War of The Arab-Israeli War of broke out when five Arab nations invaded territory in the former Palestinian mandate immediately following the announcement of the independence of the state of Israel on May 14, The Israeli prime minister railed against staging elections in the middle of a highly volatile security situation.