Horizontal rules signify the top and bottom edges of pages. For sample references which are not included with this paper, you should consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 4th Edition. This paper is provided only to give you an idea of what a research paper might look like. You are not allowed to copy any of the text of this paper in writing your own report.
Most often, editors of books, journals and other media will ask that parenthetical information be included in footnotes as a way to control the prose of the document.
When used properly, a footnote is an excellent way to add to work or to quickly cite or reference quotes and other secondary information. There are several footnote formats. Footnote Citations Create the works cited or bibliography prior to entering footnotes.
Footnotes are typically a condensed version of a citation at the conclusion of a text. Any content included in a footnote will typically be done last.
Finish the paper in its entirety, including all references used, and then add footnotes. Navigate to the end of the sentence where the footnote will go. In the footer, you will type all of the information that you want to be included in the footnote.
The footnote symbol should be stamped after any punctuation used.
The corresponding number appears outside of the sentence. Include the citation for a reference or quote. Should you be using a footnote in the place of an in-text citation, it is necessary to include the surname of the writer or editor, along with the title of the work, edition, series, location of publication, date of publication and the name of the publisher.
Citation of an online resource. In order to cite a website, or another online source, in a footnote you will need the name of the writer, or the editor of the website, along with the title of the website, the URL and the date it was accessed.
Utilizing footnotes as a way of providing further information Using footnotes as a means to provide clarification of information to the reader. Rather than adding information about the source in the footnotes, it is possible to use the footnote as a place to provide related information — often taken from sources that are not directly cited in the body of the paper.
If an essay quotes a source that talks about something specific and you need to clarify this, the footnote after the number will be brief, direct and include citations. Use this method of footnote moderately.
Overdrawn footnotes, with in-depth explanations, are off putting. They distract and confuse the reader. If you end up having a lot of additional information, consider adding to the body of the paragraph. Often time, editors will suggest that additional information be included in parenthesis.
Remember to take into account the prose and the flow of information. Make sure that the footnote is necessary. Prior to using footnotes to further reference sources, ask your teacher how you should be citing sources and if footnotes are required.
Most often MLA footnote format asks writers to make use of in-text citations, instead of a footnotes. In this case, footnotes are reserved for supplementary information. The entire essay is typed double-spaced, except for Footnote citations at the foot of the page. If your instructor prefers that paragraphs not be indented, you must still double-space your lines, but you will need to quadruple-space between paragraphs.
More empty space is created for the instructor to write comments when paragraphs are not indented.Before beginning your paper, you need to decide how you plan to design the study..
The research design refers to the overall strategy that you choose to integrate the different components of the study in a coherent and logical way, thereby, ensuring you will effectively address the research problem; it constitutes the blueprint for the collection, measurement, and analysis of data.
A research paper does not normally need a title page, but if the paper is a group project, create a title page and list all the authors on it instead of in the header on page 1 of your essay.
If your teacher requires a title page in lieu of or in addition to the header, format it . SAMPLE APA 2 Abstract An abstract is a concise overview of the entire paper.
It is not an introduction. Not all classes or professors require an abstract for your papers. The purpose of this guide is to provide advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social sciences.
The title is the part of a paper that is read the most, and it is usually read initiativeblog.com is, therefore, the most important element that defines the research study.
An outline is a “blueprint” or “plan” for your paper. It helps you to organize your thoughts and arguments. A good outline can make conducting research and then writing the paper very efficient.