The death toll within the United States and the Caribbean related to this event is estimated to be in the double digits, and the remediation costs projected to be in the billions. Hotels, as any business in catastrophes, face threats related to such events. The hotel industry is exposed to the physical risk of its property being damaged as well as the economic risk of tourism suffering as people avoid areas disrupted by the disaster. Furthermore, areas most heavily affected face the danger of stigmatization by tourists for some period going forward.
Tourismology by Tourismembassy Impact of Natural Disasters on the Tourism Industry Tourism has always been regarded as the impetus that brings in new business opportunities and economic development for a region. As an industry, there are several factors that have an impact on tourism both positively and negatively.
One such aspect is the natural disasters and climate changes that occur in a place unexpectedly. The impact of natural disasters has been more profound during the last few years and this can be attributed to the changing weather patterns around the world as well as the increased number of tourist spots.
Today, more and more natural reserves and areas that were once inhabitable are being made accessible to attract tourists. Though this gives a boost to the local tourism, it also increases the impact of natural disasters. In fact, natural disasters cause many tourist destinations to lose their beauty, culture and economy for a temporary or extended period of time.
The scale of the damage depends to a large extent on the fury of the natural disaster. Located in the Indian Ocean off the eastern coast of India, these islands were attracting large numbers of tourists due to its untouched natural beauty. During the tsunami, the Car Nicobar islands were the worst hit.
Many islands have been washed away and some like the Trinket have been split into two. This has completed disrupted tourism and today, there is nothing in these areas.
Even after a decade, the remaining islands are still looking to salvage whatever is possible and there is no scope for the tourism industry anytime in the near future.
Other than the Nicobar Islands, there are other areas around the world that have been impacted by natural disasters, though to a lesser extent. Ironically, it is the developing countries that are more affected than the developed ones because the local economy relies heavily on tourism for the livelihood of its people.
In this context, it is important for the tourism industry to take into account the possibility of natural disasters to ensure business sustainability. It is a good idea to avoid creating tourism sites in areas that are likely to be affected by natural disasters due to their geographic location.
Typical examples of such places are the low-lying islands in the Pacific Ocean. When these islands are chosen, high-tides, tsunamis and other ocean disturbances have the potential to cause enormous amount of damage to the place as well as the local people and tourists. This is why native people avoid such islands and the tourism companies should also follow suit.
Besides choosing tourism sites, it is important for tourism companies to have a disaster emergency plan in place. This will make it easy for the place as a whole to recover faster from the disaster and at the same time, it will mitigate the damage from the disaster. On the positive side, natural disasters have increased tourism in some places.
An example of such a place is the Cornish village of Boscastle.EFFECTS OF NATURAL DISASTERS ON TOURISM-A CASE STUDY ON JAPAN. INTRODUCTION Over the years, tourism has taken its role as a big project that does not only create income but influences life.
Tourism has encouraged the fast development seen in many nations of the world and a . Nov 06, · What’s more, the industry has potential for further growth, with the current billion international tourist arrivals set to reach billion by Disasters, whether natural disasters, political instability, pandemics or even terrorism, have a clear impact on the industry.
disrupt the tourism and hospitality industry on a regular basis’ and Coles () adds ‘when not in crisis, destinations are in an extended programme sometimes affecting the global tourism industry, are terrorist attacks, natural disasters, political instability and war, and epidemics – diseases.
The impact of natural disasters on hotel markets 29 SEPTEMBER AM Here is a collection of HNN’s coverage of the hospitality industry’s response to Hurricane Harvey, Hurricane Irma, Hurricane Maria and the earthquakes in Mexico.
industry, ranging from natural to human influenced incidents.
In recent years the global tourism industry has experienced many serious crises and disasters including terrorist attacks, political instability, economic recession, bio security threats and natural disasters (Boniface & Cooper, ). The impact any natural disaster has on the hotel industry is difficult to predict precisely given the numerous dynamics that influence performance following such events.
The severity of damage caused by the disaster is a crucial factor.