Socialism is the antithesis of individualism, which gave birth, to the capitalistic system of society. Socialism came as a countering force against the injustice and incompetence of capitalism, which involved exploitation of peasants and workers by those who own the instruments of production. The advocates of Socialism regard the State as the instrument of achieving the greatest good of the largest community. It does not minimise the importance of the individual but seeks to subordinate the individual to the community.
The communist manifesto ofwritten by Marx and his colleague Frederick Engels cited guidelines towards the emancipation of the proletariat through non-violent means, i. Socialist sceptics such as Edward F. Adams, have accused Marx of creating theories such as that of surplus value purely to reinforce his argument and the general popular feeling of his time that socialism is scientifically the better political philosophy: Socialism is therefore not based on reason but emotion; not on reflection but desire; it is not scientific, but popular.
The Communist approach to socialism, as adopted by Stalinist Russia, believed socialism could only be achieved through violent revolution and totalitarian dictatorship. Almost two thirds of the worlds population lived in communist areas, these included the former Soviet Union, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, China; the south-east Asian nations of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam; the African nations of Angola and Mozambique; and the Latin American nations of Cuba and Nicaragua.
Western European nations along with the U. Soviet Union's blockade of Berlin, many nations of Western Europe began to fear the communist nation. So in response to this, ten Truman Doctrine was to contain Soviet influence in all non-communist countries resisting takeover. Although Congress agreed to this doctrine, Today only China, North Korea and Cuba practice under a communist rule.
It is therefore appropriate to say the communist approach to achieving socialism has proven somewhat unsuccessful. Communist countries tend to be characterised by stagnation and a lack of innovation, this can be attributed directly to the public ownership and state control over factors of production land, labour and capital.
Businesses have little competition and often act as a monopoly in a communist country. Industry only has the task of producing a quota and cannot go out of business as they are government funded; meaning no incentive to produce goods to a high standard or keep costs down.
This gives berth to inefficiency. Employment is often secure in a communist country as policies towards international trade and foreign competition are minimal as governments seek self-sufficiency. As communist countries pursue self-sufficiency, they do not benefit from new technology products innovated abroad meaning economic growth is stunted and lags behind that of a capitalist competitor.
The USSR is now a collection of fifteen republics, most of which are structured as democracies. Another influential philosopher of covenanted government was Thomas A majority of the governments around the world were monarchies.
As far as our country is concerned, the pilgrims were Social Democracy is also in retreat, although not as extensively as communism. The most prominent social democratic countries over the past twenty years have been Great Britain, France, Germany, Norway, Spain and Sweden.
As this led to great inefficiency, the Conservative government decided to privatize these industries.
Since Labour have been back in power and supported this move of privatisation on the grounds that business is more productive, output is greater, costs have dramatically fallen for the consumer and government spending has reduced, freeing up capital for more needy alternatives.
Socialism can also be opposed on the grounds that it caters for the preservation of the weak where in a capitalist society they would be killed off naturally by their inability to survive.
Competitive society tends to the death of the weakest, socialistic society would tend to the preservation of the weak.
Thomas Robert Malthus cited: Population when unchecked increases in a geometrical ratio. Subsistence increases only in an arithmetical ratio. A slight acquaintance with numbers will show the immensity of the first power in comparison with the second.
Before the outbreak of war insocialism within the labour party was mainly based on affiliations through the trade unions, numbering nearly two million and socialist societies numbering some 30,members. In the trade unions were in a much stronger position than before the war.
An increase of union membership from 4,in to 6,in gave the unions a sense of confidence to press for increased wages and better conditions. Socialism was founded in if the modern day Labour party had the same ideologies as those of the original socialist Industry is state owned and therefore companies have government monopolies on them which results in no competition.
This reformation back to ideological socialism was an attempt by men such as Arthur Henderson to establish labour as an independent political body. The doctrine gave the labour party a popular thesis at a time when they need it the most.Nov 13, · Labour Party, British political party whose historic links with trade unions have led it to promote an active role for the state in the creation of economic prosperity and in the provision of social services.
In opposition to the Conservative Party, it has been the major democratic socialist party in Britain since the early 20th century. ‘Explain the ideas and policies which link the modern Labour Party to socialism’. (10 marks) Socialism is the economic system based on cooperation rather than competition of businesses which utilizes centralized planning and redistribution of wealth.
The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. Founded at the start of the 20th century, it has been since the s the principal party of the left in Britain.
Its formation was the result of many years of hard effort by working people, trade unionists and socialists, united by the goal of changing the British Parliament to represent the . To What Extent has the Labour Party abandoned its socialist routes?
The definition of socialism is ‘An economic, social and political doctrine which expresses the struggle for the equal distribution of wealth by eliminating private property and the exploitative ruling class’.
Socialism came as a countering force against the injustice and incompetence of capitalism, which involved exploitation of peasants and workers by those who own the instruments of production.
The advocates of Socialism regard the State as the instrument . Many consider "New" Labour to be operating under a deceptive title due to the fact that the party has abandoned so many of the principles traditionally associated with Labour policies. The foundation of the long-established socialist principles, which formed the basis of "old" Labour policies, was clause IV of the Labour constitution.