The document sheds light on the history of federal and state prison systems along with the over-crowding problem in prison system these days.
Although its wardens functioned almost autonomously, the Superintendent of Prisons, a Department of Justice official in Washington, was nominally in charge of federal prisons,  starting with the passage of the "Three Prisons Act' inwhich authorized the federal government's first three penitentiaries: The General Agent was responsible for Justice Department accounts, oversight of internal operations, and certain criminal investigations, as well as prison operations.
Inthe General Agent's office was abolished, and its functions were distributed among three new offices: Congress within the U.
Department of Justice which itself was created into be headed by the Attorney Generalwhose office was first established in the first Presidential Cabinet under President Washington and created inalong with the Secretaries of StateTreasury and War.
The new Prison Bureau was now under the Administration of the 31st President Herbert Hoover—and was charged with the "management and regulation of all Federal penal and correctional institutions.
By the end of the yearthe system had already expanded to 14 institutions with 13, inmates. By a decade later inthe federal prison system had 24 institutions with 24, incarcerated. The state of Alaska assumed jurisdiction over its corrections on January 3,using the Alaska Department of Corrections.
Prior to statehood, the BOP had correctional jurisdiction over Alaska. The population increase has decelerated since the early s but the federal inmate population continues to grow.
Inch as the BOP's new director. Federal Prison Camps FPCsthe BOP minimum-security facilities, feature a lack of or a limited amount of perimeter fencing, and a relatively low staff-to-inmate ratio.
Low-security Federal Correctional Institutions FCIs have double-fenced perimeters, and inmates live in mostly cubicle or dormitory housing. The medium facilities have strengthened perimeters, which often consist of double fences with electronic detection systems.
Medium-security facilities mostly have cell housing. Penitentiaries are classified as high-security facilities.
The perimeters, highly secured, often have reinforced fences or walls. Twenty-eight BOP institutions hold female inmates. Most of them are in facilities operated by private companies.
Others are in facilities operated by local and state governments. Community Corrections Centers operated by private companies. The bureau uses contract facilities to manage its own prison population.
The bureau stated that contract facilities are "especially useful" for housing low-security, specialized groups of people, such as sentenced criminal aliens.
The BOP pays for abortion only if it is life-threatening for the woman, but it may allow for abortions in non-life-threatening cases if non-BOP funds are used. In August of that year, the BOP introduced a memorandum requiring free tampons and pads.
The previous memorandum stated "products for female hygiene needs shall be available" without requiring them to be free of charge. Department of Justice, found the Bureau's programming and policy decisions did not fully consider the needs of female inmates in the areas of trauma treatment programming, pregnancy programming, and feminine hygiene.
This is because the most severe crimes committed on Indian Reservations are usually taken to federal court. According to the BOP, most of the juveniles it receives had committed violent crimes and had "an unfavorable history of responding to interventions and preventive measures in the community.
Federally sentenced juveniles may be moved into federal adult facilities at certain points; juveniles sentenced as adults are moved into adult facilities when they turn Juveniles sentenced as juveniles are moved into adult facilities when they turn The NY State prison system was later the site of one of the most notorious events in American penal history, the Attica prison riots.
The events at Attica brought about calls for prison reform upon a more rehabilitative and restorative model of justice. Prisons, unlike jails, confine felons sentenced to longer then a year to serve their sentence within the facilities.
They are operated by state governments but the Federal Bureau of Prisons also houses federal offenders in Federal penitentiaries. History of State and Federal Prisons State and Federal prisons have been an ongoing experiment throughout American history.
As society evolved the demand for more humane and reform-oriented facilities became prevalent. Ideas for corrections were established in early America from the old virtues of the European system%(5).
This responsibility covered the administration of the 11 Federal prisons in operation at the time. As time has passed and laws have changed, the Bureau's responsibilities have grown, as has the prison population.
At the end of , the agency operated 14 facilities for just over 13, inmates. History of State and Federal Prisons. History of State and Federal Prisons Kenneth Washington CJS/ Theresa Degard History of State prisons The state prison systems of today were founded on the nineteenth-century penitentiary, which was based on the legal reforms of the eighteenth-century Age of Enlightenment.
Free research that covers introduction the prison system of united states has been acknowledged worldwide. the document sheds light on the history of federal and state prison systems alo.