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Approximately 60 percent of women who experience post-abortion sequelae report suicidal ideation, with 28 percent actually attempting suicide, of which half attempted suicide two or more times. The suicide rate associated with birth, by contrast, was half the rate of all women and less than one-sixth the rate of suicide among women who had abortions.
Linking these records to death certificates, the researchers found that women who had state-funded abortions were 2.
Suicide attempts appear to be especially prevalent among post-abortion teenagers. Numerous other studies have also revealed higher rates of suicide and suicide attempts associated with abortion. Over twenty studies have linked abortion to increased rates of drug and alcohol use.
Abortion is significantly linked with a two fold increased risk of alcohol abuse among women. For at least some women, post-abortion stress is associated with eating disorders such as binge eating, bulimia, and anorexia nervosa. Thirty to fifty percent of the women who experience difficulty adjusting to a past abortion report experiencing sexual dysfunctions, of both short and long duration, beginning immediately after their abortions.
These problems may include one or more of the following: Abortion is linked with increased depression, violent behavior, alcohol and drug abuse, replacement pregnancies, and reduced maternal bonding with children born subsequently.
These factors are closely associated with Effects of broken family essay abuse and would appear to confirm individual clinical assessments linking post-abortion trauma with subsequent child abuse. While psychological reactions to abortion fall into many categories, some women experience all or some of they symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD.
The lowest incidence rate of PTSD reported following abortion is 1. Approximately half had many, but not all, symptoms of PTSD, and 20 to 40 percent showed moderate to high levels of stress and avoidance behavior relative to their abortion experiences. The risk that an experience will be traumatic is increased when the traumatizing event is perceived as including threats of physical injury, sexual violation, or the witnessing of or participation in a violent death.
This hyperarousal causes these defense mechanisms to become disorganized, disconnected from present circumstances, and take on a life of their own resulting in abnormal behavior and major personality disorders. As an example of this disconnection of mental functions, some PTSD victim may experience intense emotion but without clear memory of the event; others may remember every detail but without emotion; still others may reexperience both the event and the emotions in intrusive and overwhelming flashback experiences.
Many are forced into an unwanted abortions by husbands, boyfriends, parents, or others. If the woman has repeatedly been a victim of domineering abuse, such an unwanted abortion may be perceived as the ultimate violation in a life characterized by abuse.
Other women, no matter how compelling the reasons they have for seeking an abortion, may still perceive the termination of their pregnancy as the violent killing of their own child. The fear, anxiety, pain, and guilt associated with the procedure are mixed into this perception of grotesque and violent death.
Still other women, report that the pain of abortion, inflicted upon them by a masked stranger invading their body, feels identical to rape.
The major symptoms of PTSD are generally classified under three categories: The person is seemingly on permanent alert for threats of danger. Symptoms of hyperarousal include: Intrusion is the reexperience of the traumatic event at unwanted and unexpected times.
Symptoms of intrusion in PAS cases include: Constriction is the numbing of emotional resources, or the development of behavioral patterns, so as to avoid stimuli associated with the trauma. It is avoidance behavior; an attempt to deny and avoid negative feelings or people, places, or things which aggravate the negative feelings associated with the trauma.
In post-abortion trauma cases, constriction may include: But in reality the actual rate is probably higher.
Clinical experience has demonstrated that the women least likely to cooperate in post-abortion research are those for whom the abortion caused the most psychological distress. Research has confirmed this insight, demonstrating that the women who refuse followup evaluation most closely match the demographic characteristics of the women who suffer the most post-abortion distress.
For many women, the onset or accurate identification of PTSD symptoms may be delayed for several years. This disability may, therefore, provide grounds for an extended statutory period.The family has always had the biggest affect on childhood development, and this paper will attempt to show the significant relationship between the recent breakdown of the family structure and it's affect on adolescent learned aggression.
broken home: causes and consequences by muhammed agede yahaya mat no: nsu/ss/pgd//11/12 a long essay submitted to the department of psychology faculty of social science nasarawa state university, keffi supervisor dr.
Broken Family Essay Sample Effects of broken family to students In the Philippines, Family is defined as the small unit of society where students got their first learning about the world before they engage themselves in the real scenarios of life. Broken families are hard for many people, whether student or adult.
Families are an incredibly important part of a person's life, and depending on the student, it can do littl e effect or. The effect of drug and alcohol abuse on a family is evident whether a child is abusing drugs or a parent is abusing. Family structures have become more complex and the effects of drug abuse on families will also be impacted by different structures, such as step families, multi-generational or single-parent.
The present study deems to show the common challenges of families today, the status of families in the Philippines, the causes of broken marriages. It will also look into the effects of broken .