Ferdinand Pauwels — Martin Luther hammers his 95 theses to the door Many major events caused Europe to change around the start of the 16th century, starting with the Fall of Constantinople inthe fall of Muslim Spain and the discovery of the Americas inand Martin Luther 's Protestant Reformation in Tsardom of Russia[ edit ] Main article: Tsardom of Russia Russia experienced territorial growth through the 17th century, which was the age of Cossacks.
It is often said that Chicago grew more quickly in the second half of the 19th century than any large city in the modern history of the Western world. In the s alone its population increased byInwith 1. Transportation was inevitably a problem in the newly gigantic city, but the adoption of "electric traction" in the s eased the strain.
Horse and cable cars began to be replaced by electric streetcars, and the first lines of the elevated railway system opened. At the very end of the decade, plans were made for interurban lines to join steam railroads in connecting the city and its suburbs.
Other infrastructure changes were also associated with rapid growth. The Sanitary and Ship Canal, constructed between andreversed the flow of the Chicago River and its industrial wastes away from rather than toward Lake Michigan. In addition, the bicycle boom of the s stimulated the construction of paved roads into the countryside.
The maps are with one exception commercial maps. Their makers were not primarily interested in creating a carefully dated record of the built environment for future generations; they wanted to sell maps. Hence, the focus of most of the maps is infrastructure.
The maps were scanned at dpi using NextImage software and were saved as tiff files You can access these files in two different ways: Zoomify breaks the original tiff files into tiny jpegs, so you can zoom in and out and move around quickly and efficiently.
Luna, like Zoomify, allows you to zoom in and out and to move around. It also allows download of jpeg versions of the files click "Export". To access the Luna files, click on the "Click here for Luna version" button. The original tiff files are also available.
E-mail from the "Questions about this page? Downloaded files are freely available for personal or scholarly use. Several of the maps have tears or holes. We have resisted the temptation to do serious digital restoration work.
Several people contributed to the construction of this Web site. Joost Dupon of the Map Collection did most of the scanning. Bobby Butler of the Map Collection did some light editing of a few of the files in And Bobby Butler edited these pages to point to the Luna versions.
Additional maps of Chicago in the s and in the preceeding and following decades can be found elsewhere on the Web. Topographic and other maps from this period are available through the University of Illinois Historical Maps Online project. The digital Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps available by subscription only include building-by-building maps of late 19th-century Chicago.
The Encyclopedia of Chicago Website includes several s maps among them an alternate version of the Hull House maps and the Robinson atlas.I THE SHADOW OF YEARS.
I was born by a golden river and in the shadow of two great hills, five years after the Emancipation Proclamation. The house was quaint, with clapboards running up and down, neatly trimmed, and there were five rooms, a tiny porch, a rosy front yard, and unbelievably delicious strawberries in the rear.
Apr 20, · One of the great archives of American photography is the Detroit Publishing Company’s archive, a vast portrait of the country as it moved from the 19th century into the initiativeblog.com such, it .
s July 2.
New Swedes Church consecrated on the on the ground formerly occupied by the Swedes Church, Southwark.
December 2. William Penn arrived at Philadelphia. Chicago in the s Click on the links below to access scans of some of the sheet maps of Chicago in the s that are held at the University of Chicago Library's Map Collection.
The s were an extraordinary decade for Chicago, perhaps the only period in the city's history when its status as a "world city" would be disputed by few. The great conflagration. Chicago: its past, present and future. Embracing a detailed narrative of the great conflagration in the north, south and west divisions.
Chicago And The Great Conflagration [Elias Colbert, Everett Chamberlin] on initiativeblog.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This is a reproduction of a book published before This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages4/5(1).