Bribery Bribery is an act of giving money or gift giving that alters the behavior of the recipient. It may be any moneygoodright in actionpropertyprefermentprivilegeemolumentobject of value, advantage, or merely a promise or undertaking to induce or influence the action, vote, or influence of a person in an official or public capacity. Many elaborate methods of cheating have been developed over the years. For instance, students have been documented hiding notes in the bathroom toilet tank, in the brims of their baseball caps, up their sleeves, along their thighs or in their cleavage.
According to this concept discipline is used only when child violates the rules and regulations set down by parents, teachers or adult in charge of the affairs of the community in which he lives. Used correctly discipline is dubious has said, a process of training and learning that fosters growth and development.
It comes from the same word as discipline. The parents and teachers are the leader and the child is the disciplined who learns from the way of life that lead to usefulness and happiness.
To order for a complete Project Material, Pay the sum of N3, to: According to him, this awareness should prompt the school principals to galvanize and consequently protect their school for the highly inflammable effects of indiscipline.
Indiscipline eliminates training of the mind and character for the productive and orderly behaviour in an individual. According to some authorities, there is no single cause of indiscipline. Hardy and Cull, To them is a group of factors that determine whether or not a given students will engage in indiscipline behaviour.
However, for the purpose of this study, the following factors will be considered. They argue that students from broken home where social control mechanism are weak are more likely to exhibit indiscipline acts than those from stable home. Nye maintained that delinquent behaviour which is a form of indiscipline is associated with low church attendance, high mobility, urban family, unhappy broken homes, employed mother, mutual rejection by parents and children, lack of appropriate discipline by parents, father low status and low acceptance in the community anti-social or unethical parents behaviour, lack of value agreement between parents and children dissatisfaction with parents allocating fund to children and lack of advice o appropriate matters.
Some parents unknowingly also encourage indiscipline through their high expectation with regards their children academic achievement.
In the words of Nweka some parents pressurize their children to attend school and achieve very high whether they like it or not and whether they are capable or not.
The national is that these parents receive very little education, and therefore, want to be compensated through their children the negative effects of this types of pressure are often boredom, frustration, truancy, from school and maladjustment such as delinquent. This view was supported by Holt Environment theory explain why children brought up in slum areas of the urban and industrial cities are somewhat indecent in their behaviour, why those brought up on rural areas and self contained government reservation areas are more decent in their way.
Saudnu in Ekpo content that environment has influence on the child drew this point from the fact that when urbanization and industrialization increases students indiscipline grows.
Adding that the rural students became vulnerable to indiscipline when they move to the impersonality and anonymity of large cities.
He argues that with this trend, their home communities lose control of its members and family is not able to give prompt guidance when needed.
This view is also supported by Aminu when he said that the remote causes of the recent students crises must be found in the general ills of our society our wrong approach to modernization and development with the break-up of our traditional family units and the wider social structure as well as the alienation of our fundamental institutions have entered into a sinister alien to entrench burgeoning indiscipline and other social evils in the country.
Erik Erikson ; places the task of psychological integration primarily in the adolescent years. Sudden physical and social changes precipitate the crisis of identity; he seems to attribute indiscipline primarily to the failure to resolve role aspect of an identity. He maintained that students whose formative experience have some how rendered them incapable of acceptable roles in their society or for whom the obligations laid on them by those nearest to them are excessively demanding may choose what he called a negative identity instead on identity perversely based on all identifications and roles which at critical stages of development has been presented to them as most undesirable and yet also as most real.
These include all forms at anti-social behaviours among our students which often come in the form of sexual assault rioting, stealing and laying cheating and examination malpractice, drug abuse, secret cults etc. Many students today seek to participate actively and even aggressive in societal reconstruction and often violently in order to try and change the societal norms.
According to Akinboye adolescents have a lot of problems of getting adjusted to moral codes, rules of the society and authority because a lot of inconsistencies become noticeable even among the peers in terms of what they hold as sacred; some peers may like to have uncontrolled sex affair while others may not want to do so, some peer may want to engage in cheating behaviour in schools, at home or in the society while other will not hence the problem of moral venue and what rules to uphold compounded by those inconsistencies including the roles of parents, teachers, books, television and other societal in-constituencies, hence indiscipline in the form of rioting may arises as a result of conflicts, frustrations, inhibitions, urgent need and worries.
Onyemelue Anchor in Ekpo talks about sex behaviour as a form of indiscipline among students identified, masturbation, homosexuality and lesbianism, they also saw rape and prostitutions as a form of indiscipline behaviour. There is no denying the fact that today many of our females in the senior secondary schools in an attempt to carter for their needs to into prostitutions, running after sugar daddies.
The boys are no exception students of mostly adolescent age break into people houses in the night even in broad day light and after disposing people of their valuables possession, get peoples wives and daughters involved in forced wives sex rape and other forms of sexual assaults.
It is not just anti-social but also a grievous sin in sight of God Almighty.ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND HUMAN DECISION PROCESSES Vol. 76, No. 2, November, pp. ï¿½, ARTICLE NO. OB All Frames Are Not Created Equal: A Typology and Critical Analysis of Framing Effects Irwin P.
Levin The University of Iowa Sandra L.
ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND HUMAN DECISION PROCESSES Vol. 76, No. 2, November, pp. ï¿½, ARTICLE NO. OB All Frames Are Not Created Equal: A Typology and Critical Analysis of Framing Effects Irwin P. Levin The University of Iowa Sandra L. Schneider The University of South Florida and Gary J. Gaeth The University of Iowa Accentuate the positive or accentuate the . Our latest Freakonomics Radio episode is called “Trust Me” (You can subscribe to the podcast at iTunes or elsewhere, get the RSS feed, or listen via the media player above.) Societies where people trust one another are healthier and wealthier. In the U.S. (and the U.K. and elsewhere), social. Youth mentoring linked to many positive effects, new study shows Date: January 15, Source: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Summary: Researchers are releasing the first results of one.
Schneider The University of South Florida and Gary J. Gaeth The University of Iowa Accentuate the positive or accentuate the . the Causes and Effect of Indiscipline among Students in Secondary School: A Case Study of Egor Local Government Area, Edo State. LITERATURE REVIEW.
EXAMINATION MALPRACTICES, CAUSES, EFFECTS AND SOLUTIONS. BY: DR. MALAMI UMAR TAMBAWAL, MCASSON, LPCN, CCN, MNISEP, PEN Department of Educational Foundation, Faculty of Education of Education & Extension Services. Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto. BEING A PAPER PRESENTED AT THE STAKE HOLDERS FORUM.
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Zone’in Fact Sheet. A research review regarding the impact of technology on child development, behavior, and academic performance. Infants watch hours per day of TV, children use and teens 9 hours per day of entertainment technologies (cell phone, TV, internet).