Sydney and Melbourne are the two largest and oldest cities on the continent, yet we can only look back to the late s for a Western history of the country. With such a short time-frame to work with, Australia has more than its fair share of reputedly-haunted locations.
Initially used to describe a happy-go-lucky character capable of battling through hard times, the term was employed after World War II to distinguish those born domestically from "new" immigrants from western and southern Europe. The term continues to have meaning as a label for Australians representing their country.
Among some sectors of society, "Aussie" is regarded as Eurocentric and anachronistic in a nation officially committed to ethnic and racial inclusiveness. The name "Australia" was formally adopted and popularized in by the British governor of the colony of New South Wales.
The title was suggested in and derives from the Latin terra australis incognita "the unknown south land" which had been used by mapmakers for centuries before European colonization. Since its days as a British colony Australia has developed a complex national culture with immigrants from many parts of the world as well as an indigenous Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population.
The strong sense of societal and historical distinctiveness among the different states and territories has not developed into major subcultural diversity based on geographic regions.
Inbicentennial events were promoted officially as the "celebration of a nation. However, the divisions within the nation continue to find expression in public life, arising from social differences in race, ethnicity, social class, and gender. Australia is an island continent in the Southern Hemisphere, lying between Antarctica and Asia.
Much of the continent is low, flat, and dry. The area of the continent is 2.
Although the impact of environmental variation is highly evident in the traditional cultures of indigenous Australians, it has not been as strong a factor in immigrant cultures. The most significant lifestyle differences are affected primarily by variations in climate. The majority of the population lives in urban areas around the coast.
The ACT was created inand the city of Canberra was designed by an American landscape architect in The Commonwealth Parliament relocated there from Melbourne in Canberra has a population of overand is the largest inland city.
According to the census, the total population was just over By the population had risen to In the yearthat number is expected to reach 19 million.
Roughly 2 percent of the population consists of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander people, descendants of the original inhabitants of the continent before European colonization. This sector of the population has a higher birthrate than do the others, but also has a higher mortality rate and lower life expectancy.
In the population self-identifying as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander was , probably about the same as in ; many of those people have both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestry.
The dominant language since colonization has been English, with little multi-lingualism among the majority population. Nevertheless, both the diverse Aboriginal groups and many immigrants continue to use languages other than English.
Before the European invasion there were around Aboriginal languages, most of which probably had distinct dialects. Perhaps ninety of these languages are still spoken, with around twenty being spoken fluently by indigenous children.
The decline in the use of Aboriginal languages is due to the effects of colonization.
Among some Aboriginal groups, especially in parts of the north, a number of distinctive creole dialects mix Aboriginal languages with English. Apart from indigenous languages, some twelve major community languages are spoken at home by at least fifty thousand speakers.
Melbourne is the most multilingual city. Migrant groups want their languages to be maintained through government policies such as the Languages Other Than English LOTE program in secondary schools.
Australian English probably originated as a combination of British regional dialects used by groups of convicts and others who came to the colonies.
Australian English is different from British and American English but does not vary much regionally. Various social factors affect accent and style, including social class, education, gender women tend to use the cultivated variety more than men doand age.
The flag is dark blue with the British Union Jack in the upper left corner, the seven— pointed white Commonwealth star below the Union Jack, and to the right five white stars representing the Southern Cross constellation.Whitehaven Beach is rated one of the worlds top bbeaches.
If you are visiting the Whitsundays then taking a tour to Whitehaven is a must. We have the right Whitehaven tour suited to . 20+ items · Screen size.
For ultimate portability consider 13" screen sizes and below. Bigger screensizes will help you be more productive so look at 15" and 17" screens if . Latest environmental news, features and updates.
Pictures, video and more. Blue Mountains Australia accommodation availability online, plus Blue Mountains visitor information, blue mountains real estate, blue mountains events and attractions.
Last week, Greg Austin wrote in The Strategist that ‘those in Australia advocating for a ban on Huawei in the 5G network—mimicking the opinion of US intelligence chiefs expressed in February —have not reviewed all of the available information and perspectives’.
While I don’t agree with. Physical characteristics of Australia, Australia's physical environment, Geography, Year 9, NSW. Join Skwirk. Login. Topic: Physical characteristics of Australia In this topic you will learn Chapter 1: Patterns of climate Climate is the study of weather over time; Major physical features Australia is a relatively flat landscape.