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According to Theodor Kraus, "The root of the word Pompeii would appear to be the Oscan word for the number five, pompe, which suggests that either the community consisted of five hamlets or, perhaps, it was settled by a family group gens Pompeia.
It stands on a spur formed by a lava flow to the north of the mouth of the Sarno River known in ancient times as the Sarnus. Pompeii - Forum and Vesuvius. Brooklyn Museum Archives, Goodyear Archival Collection Today it is some distance inland, but in ancient times it would have been nearer to the coast.
It covered a total of 64 to 67 hectares acres and was home to approximately 11, to 11, people on the basis of household counts.
Pompeii: | | | Pompeii | | | | ||| World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection. The excavated city offers a snapshot of Roman life in the 1st century, frozen at the moment it was buried on 24 August AD  The forum, the baths, many houses, and some out-of-town villas like the Villa of the Mysteries remain well preserved.. Details of everyday life are preserved. The popular understanding of the immediate aftermath of the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius is that Pompeii, Herculaneum, and sites like Oplontis and Stabiae, lay buried under ash and volcanic material—completely sealed off from human intervention, undisturbed and hidden for centuries.
History Early history The archaeological digs at the site extend to the street level of the 79 AD volcanic event; deeper digs in older parts of Pompeii and core samples of nearby drillings have exposed layers of jumbled sediment that suggest that the city had suffered from other seismic events before the eruption.
Three sheets of sediment have been found on top of the lava that lies below the city and, mixed in with the sediment, archaeologists have found bits of animal bone, pottery shards and plants. Carbon dating has determined the oldest of these layers to be from the 8th—6th centuries BC around the time the city was founded.
The other two strata are separated either by well-developed soil layers or Roman pavement, and were laid in the 4th century BC and 2nd century BC. It is theorized that the layers of the jumbled sediment were created by large landslidesperhaps triggered by extended rainfall. It had already been used as a safe port by Greek and Phoenician sailors.
According to StraboPompeii was also captured by the Etruscansand in fact recent excavations have shown the presence of Etruscan inscriptions and a 6th-century BC necropolis. Pompeii was captured for the first time by the Greek colony of Cumaeallied with Syracusebetween and BC.
In the 5th century BC, the Samnites conquered it and all the other towns of Campania ; the new rulers imposed their architecture and enlarged the town. After the Samnite Wars 4th century BCPompeii was forced to accept the status of socium of Rome, maintaining, however, linguistic and administrative autonomy.
In the 4th century BC, it was fortified. Pompeii remained faithful to Rome during the Second Punic War. The present Temple of Apollo was built in the 2nd century BC as the city's most important religious structure. Pompeii took part in the war that the towns of Campania initiated against Rome, but in 89 BC it was besieged by Sulla.
Although the battle-hardened troops of the Social League, headed by Lucius Cluentiushelped in resisting the Romans, in 80 BC Pompeii was forced to surrender after the conquest of Nola, culminating in many of Sulla's veterans' being given land and property, while many of those who went against Rome were ousted from their homes.
The town became an important passage for goods that arrived by sea and had to be sent toward Rome or Southern Italy along the nearby Appian Way. It was fed with water by a spur from Aqua Augusta Naples built c.
The castellum in Pompeii is well preserved, and includes many details of the distribution network and its controls. Vesuvius erupted The same location today. Details of everyday life are preserved.The eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 C.E.
destroyed and largely buried the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum and other sites in southern Italy under ash and rock.
The rediscovery of these sites in the modern era is as fascinating as the cities themselves and provides a window onto the history of both art history and archaeology. Roman Artifacts Ancient Artifacts Ancient Pompeii Pompeii And Herculaneum Roman History Villa Romaine Reception Halls Ancient Romans Roman Empire Forward Fresco of a Seated Woman playing a Kithara from the reception hall of the villa of P Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale Italy Late Roman Republican Period BCE [Mary Harrsch - Photographed at the.
The popular understanding of the immediate aftermath of the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius is that Pompeii, Herculaneum, and sites like Oplontis and Stabiae, lay buried under ash and volcanic material—completely sealed off from human intervention, undisturbed and hidden for centuries.
Located in the shadow of Mount Vesuvius, Herculaneum (Italian: Ercolano) was an ancient Roman town destroyed by volcanic pyroclastic flows in 79 AD. Its ruins are located in the comune of Ercolano, . Need writing heitor villa lobos essay? Use our essay writing services or get access to database of 30 free essays samples about heitor villa lobos.
Signup now and have "A+" grades! The Villa dei Misteri (Villa of the Mysteries) is a well preserved fresco in the ruin of a Roman Villa which lies around meters north-west of Pompeii, in southern Italy BC.(Pompeii was amazing to visit.