The status of these documents varies greatly between different countries and organisations - while governments in some countries have long had a culture of openness, others have always preferred secrecy.
The treaty was signed on 7 February and came into force on 1 November The Union superseded and absorbed the European Communities as one of its three pillars. Only the first pillar followed the principles of supranationalism. The pillar system segregated the EU.
The Community institutions became the institutions of the EU but the roles of the institutions between the pillars are different. The Commission, Parliament and Court of Justice are largely cut out of activities in the second and third pillars, with the Council dominating proceedings.
This is reflected in the names of the institutions, the Council is formally the "Council of the European Union" while the Commission is formally the "Commission of the European Communities".
This allowed the new areas to be based on intergovernmentalism unanimous agreement between governments rather than majority voting and independent institutions according to supranational democracy.
However, after the Treaty of Maastricht, Parliament gained a much bigger role. Maastricht brought in the codecision procedurewhich gave it equal legislative power with the Council on Community matters. Hence, with the greater powers of the supranational institutions and the operation of Qualified Majority Voting in the Council, the Community pillar could be described as a far more federal method of decision making.
Both Amsterdam and the Treaty of Nice also extended codecision procedure to nearly all policy areas, giving Parliament equal power to the Council in the Community. Inthe Treaty of Paris which established the European Coal and Steel Community one of the three communities which comprised the European Communities expired, having reached its year limit as the first treaty, it was the only one with a limit.
No attempt was made to renew its mandate; instead, the Treaty of Nice transferred certain of its elements to the Treaty of Rome and hence its work continued as part of the EEC area of the Community's remit.
The Treaty of Lisbon merged the three pillars and abolished the European Community; with the European Union becoming the Community's legal successor. Only one of the three European Communities still exists and the phrase "European Communities" no longer appears in the treaties.
The abolition of the pillar structure was first proposed under the European Constitution but that treaty was not ratified.
EU evolution timeline[ edit ].European Union - Official website of the European Union. Autumn Volume 3 Number 2 Symposium on the European Economic Community-An Introduction Dennis Thompson* The editors of the Northwestern Journal of International Law &.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. It has an area of 4,, km 2 (1,, sq mi) and an estimated population of over million.
The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters . The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.
It was created by the Treaty of Rome of  Upon the formation of the European Union (EU) in , the EEC was incorporated and renamed as the European Community (EC).Status: Economic union. European Union - Creation of the European Economic Community - On March 25, , the six ECSC members signed the two Treaties of Rome that established the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom)—which was designed to facilitate cooperation in atomic energy development, research, and utilization—and the European Economic Community (EEC).
Jan 01, · European Union; Beethoven, Ludwig vonThe “Ode to Joy” from Ludwig von Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 is the anthem of the European Union. European Economic CommunityMap showing the composition of the European Economic Community (EEC) from , when it was formed by the members of the European .